|LC Classifications||QD71 .S784 1961|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||x, 390 p.|
|Number of Pages||390|
|LC Control Number||61017892|
Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere provides postgraduate researchers and teachers with a uniquely detailed, comprehensive, and authoritative resource. The text bridges the "gap" between the fundamental chemistry of the earth's atmosphere and "real world" examples of its application to the development of sound scientific risk Cited by: Earth’s Atmosphere and the Ozone Layer. Earth’s atmosphere at sea level is an approximately solution of nitrogen and oxygen gases, with small amounts of carbon dioxide, water vapor, and the noble gases, and trace amounts of a variety of other compounds (Table "The Composition of Earth’s Atmosphere at Sea Level*").A key feature of the atmosphere is that its composition. In the ’s, scientists suspected that reactions involving man-made chlorine-containing compounds could upset this balance leading to lower levels of ozone in the stratosphere. Think again of the “leaky. bucket.” Putting additional ozone-destroying compounds into the atmosphere is like increasing the. Atmospheric chemistry is a branch of atmospheric science in which the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere and that of other planets is studied. It is a multidisciplinary approach of research and draws on environmental chemistry, physics, meteorology, computer modeling, oceanography, geology and volcanology and other disciplines. Research is increasingly connected with other areas of study such Gas: per NASA.
Barbara J. Finlayson-Pitts, James N. Pitts Jr., in Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere, Atmospheric chemistry is an exciting, relatively new field. It encompasses the chemistry of the globe, from polluted to “clean,” remote regions and from the region closest to the earth's surface, the troposphere (∼ 10–15 km), through the tropopause (∼ 10–15 km) into the upper. Tropospheric production of OH A major discovery in the early s was that sufficient OH is in fact produced in the troposphere by reactions -to allow for oxidation of species such as CO and CH4 within the troposphere. A calculation of the rate constant for at sea level is shown in Figure as the product of the solar actinic flux, the absorption cross-section for O3, and the O(1D. The atmosphere is also a major temporary repository of a number of chemical elements that move in a cyclic manner between the hydrosphere, atmosphere, and the upper lithosphere. Finally, the atmosphere is a site for a large variety of complex photochemically initiated reactions involving both natural and anthropogenic substances. Basic information from many disciplines such as radiation physics and chemistry, fluid dynamics, optics, and spectroscopy is skilfully marshalled to give a coherent account of the upper atmosphere. This book is outstanding as an introduction to the primary literature and current problems for students of physics or chemistry.5/5(1).
The Earth's atmosphere has four primary layers: the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere. These layers protect our planet by absorbing harmful : Holly Zell. Ozone is an invisible gas that is a form of oxygen. High levels of it in the lower atmosphere can cause human health problems and can contribute to the greenhouse effect. Car exhaust, the result of a chemical change in fuel, is a major contributor of ozone to the lower atmosphere. However, ozone plays a positive role in the upper atmosphere. Chemistry of Upper and Lower Atmosphere. Book January primary species released directly from emission sources and the secondary compounds formed by chemical reactions in the atmosphere. Stratospheric Chemistry. first proposed ozone's presence in the upper atmosphere. A description of ozone chemistry came later when Chapman proposed the reaction sequence, now called the Chapman mechanism and reactive species is either by photolysis or .